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How infection enters the body? how to prevent and treat them?

Today, only one infection dominates the news: the cornona infection. So it’s time to consider what the transformation is. We also list risk categories and consider prevention and treatment.

What is an infection

You say that infection means that pathogens (such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites) enter the body and multiply there. When it interferes with normal functioning, you become infected. Infections enter the body mainly through respiratory, sexual contact, trauma, skin, insect bites and bladder and almost always lead to inflammatory processes. Some examples of infectious diseases are urinary tract infections, pneumonia, cholera, Ebola virus, hepatitis, malaria and corona.

Who is at risk of infection?

Those with low resistance are more likely to become infected. In particular, it includes the following risk categories:

  • Babies immunity is not good yet.
  • Injuries Most susceptible to disease-causing microorganisms.
  • People who are malnutrition: Lack of vitamins and minerals is low in resistance.
  • People with HIV or other diseases that affect immunity.
  • People receiving cancer treatment: Radiation and cytostatics affect immunity.
  • People in certain occupations, such as caregivers or nurses, are more likely to fall ill.
  • Older people: With age comes down Immunity

How can prevent infection?

Good hand hygiene is the most important way to prevent infection. That is why you need to wash your hands well. Wash hands with water first. Then use enough soap and rub your palms with your fingers crossed. After that, rub your fingers in your palm, and then use your left hand’s right hand to make a circle, and vice versa. Then rinse your hands with water. Dry with a disposable towel.

In addition, these interesting points are also important:

  • Ensure good oral hygiene.
    Do not touch the wound with your hand. Try not to touch your face as much as possible.
  • Always store food and make it clean.
  • Avoid contact with infected people.
  • Wear masks on the way to and from the hospital.
  • Don’t be inside the house with too many people.
  • Stay away from dirty places like construction sites.
  • Always use safe and contraceptive medicines.
  • You may be vaccinated against infectious diseases such as hepatitis A and B.

How to treat infection?

Treatment of infection depends on the type of pathogen and its location. Therefore, if there are signs of infection, a doctor should be consulted. He can suggest proper treatment.

Generally, you can say that antibiotics can be used to fight bacterial and parasitic infections.Antibiotics can kill bacteria and eliminate complaints.There are also medications that are effective against fungal infections, which can be converted into pills and creams.Viruses such as coronavirus are difficult to treat.There are some antiviral drugs that prevent cell division of viral cells, but still do not effectively eliminate viral infections. For the best example, you can treat only symptoms such as breathing problems.